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Greenhouse Gases Catch 22, Obama Administration Confronts HFCs

global warming - greenhouse gases catch 22Next Step Obama Administration Effort To Reduce Greenhouse Gases Catch 22 Problems

Greenhouse gases Catch 22, what are the issues? The battle to reduce climate change has caused many complications in the way Americans and the world perceive the costs of owning and operating air conditioning and refrigerant equipment. And when the efforts to reduce greenhouse gases result in fixes that need fixing, some might question the need for any kind of fix.

I’m not taking sides in the arguments for or against global warming. That’s a different subject. But I do want to point out a simple Catch 22 that climate change experts and the White House rule makers should keep in mind when evoking new laws that force major expenses on homeowners, business owners and the heating and cooling industry as a whole. Replacing a home air conditioning system can be expensive. And no one wants to to hear about HFCs problems three years after the installation..   

Obama Administration and the EPA Battleground

On September 16, 2014 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) moved into the next phase of the Obama Administrations commitment toward curbing greenhouse gases. Tagged as a “fresh” approach in the ongoing battle to reduce hydroflourocarbons (HFCs), the White House has set focus on a handful of global industries. The goal is twofold:

  1. Educate the private sector concerning the risk of HFCs associated usage in modern refrigerators and air conditioners
  2. Develop and deploy alternative technologies for heating and cooling resources.

Typically defined as stronger than CO2 by as much as 10,000 times, HFCs greenhouse gases are considered a major contributor to worldwide climate change. The products come about in a sort of control greenhouse gases Catch 22 arrangement wherein HFCs chemicals were introduced as a replacement for refrigerant and air-conditioning freon back in the 1990s.

The Catch: Although HFCs products cause no harm to the Earth’s ozone layer they are yet major contributors to climate change. So it’s a solution wherein we fix one thing with something that also ends up needing a fix. But what drives the efforts?

According to the 2013 Climate Analytics reports, not curbing greenhouse gases associated with HFC emission will result in a related climate change problem tripled in size by 2030 (1). On the other hand, corrective reduction in HFC gases bears the hope of decreasing global temperature by ½ degree before 2050. Seems a long wait and lots of work for ½ degree. One can only hope that this fix does not result in yet another threat from a different angle.

In seeking to illustrate the expected result-to-action goals, the Obama Administration confronts HFCs by providing industry and public with the following examples:

  • A reduction in HFC related greenhouse gases such as R-134a as used in refrigerant and air conditioning equipment could produce a 1.5% decrease from greenhouse gases as measured in 2010.
  • Increased management and leak control in supermarkets could eliminate 27-million metric tons of carbon dioxide. This is a per year reduction that can reduce processing costs as well as climate-changing gas emissions.

Greenhouse Gases Catch 22

As defined by Merriam-Webster, the term “Catch 22” pertains to a difficult situation wherein there can be uncovered no simple, easy or possible solution. It’s a “problematic situation for which the only solution is denied by a circumstance inherent in the problem. (2)” Furthermore, any efforts to resolve the problem tend to result in an opposite effect of what is intended.

While I don’t deny the need to address global warming, climate change, and the need for curbing greenhouse gases, I wonder if we are once again getting ready to take on another climate change Catch 22? As in past efforts to management climate control, the answer to that question may be a while in coming. Right now, the EPA plans to publish a new list of approved fluorinated and non-fluorinated chemicals to be used in heating, cooling, refrigerant and other related HFCs dependent industries. So once again the nation will invest in workshops, equipment and upgrades to help the industry move away from HFCs.

Is it just another greenhouse gases Catch 22? Thoughts, views and opinions are welcome.





1) Climate Analytics, All Publications, 09/17/2014

2) Merriam-Webster, Catch 22, noun, often in caps



Climate of Fear and Global Warming – From the Viewpoint of Thomas Gale Moore

Climate of Fear Author Thomas MooreThomas Gale Moore, Author of “Climate of Fear: Why We Shouldn’t Worry About Global Warming”

In a nation already gutted by fear tactics, a climate of fear seems the natural by-product of politics and global warming. With daily claims that the climate is changing and that immediate preventative action is the only way to divert the world from a course of certain disaster, the popular media leads the bandwagon of national panic. The “prophets” of global warming, including Bert Bolin, Robert Watson and Benjamin Santer proclaim the dangers of human-triggered emission of greenhouse gases. And the prestigious news leaders such as Scientific American and the Public Broadcasting System fuel the flames by exciting the fear that provides a world of politicians with new ways for amassing voters and supporters.

But not everyone follows the same drumbeat. In the written works of Thomas Gale Moore, Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, the picture of global warming and world disaster takes on a different color. From Mr. Moore’s point of view: Policies designed to “slash the emission of greenhouse gases,” may result in a worldwide recession accompanied by unnecessary increases in unemployment, civil turbulence and international strain on and between the nations.

As the author of “Climate of Fear: Why We Shouldn’t Worry About Global Warming,” Mr. Moore boldly addresses the flip side of changing climate and the assumed associated complications (1).


Who Is Thomas Gale Moore and Why Is “Climate of Fear” A Worthwhile Read?

As a specialist in many fields, including studies pertaining to environmental conditions, Thomas Gale Moore has written and published books on privatization, stock market margins, wage management and global warming. Along with “Climate of Fear,” Mr. Moore is also the author of “Health and Amenity Effects of Global Warming.” He has actually published over thirty articles dealing with climate change and the dangers “so-called” of global warming.

His career began in the mid 1950s when he attended MIT followed by a four-year stint in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War. In 1957, Mr. Moore completed the requirements for a B.A. degree at George Washing University. He went on to attend the University of Chicago between 1950 and 1961 where he earned his M.A. and a Ph. D. in economics.

Between 1985 and 1989, Thomas Gale Moore served on the Council on Economic Advisers as established by then President Ronald Reagan (2). As acting supervisor to a workforce of economists designated to notify Mr. Regan on issues pertaining to:

· Agriculture
· Environmental Conditions
· Tax Issues
· U.S. Health Situations
· AND More,

Thomas Moore established himself as a major player in U.S. and world affairs. Earlier national service positions include the role of Senior Staff Economist during a 1968 to 1970 stint in regulatory and industrialized business issues. Moore has also served as Assistant Professor at the Carnegie Institute of Technology and later as Professor of Economics at Michigan State University. His published works have appeared in academic journals, legal and political publications and various outlets of the popular press.

In “Climate of Fear: Why We Shouldn’t Worry About Global Warming” Mr. Moore addresses the risks associated with following the advice of those who advocate immediate andglobal warming all-inclusive U.S. focus on managing and controlling perceived human-triggered changes in climate. According to Mr. Moore, the current and proposed U.S. policies designed to reduce emissions impose a serious threat on the resources for energy that drive our economy, our work options and even our automobiles. Furthermore, the cost for heating and cooling our homes will increase. Home comfort levels will suffer. Travel will decrease. And huge amounts of financial output will be wasted on unproven efforts to curve the use of fossil fuels.

In the words of Mr. Moore, “Cost/benefit analysis constitutes the only rational approach,” to managing the effects “so-called” of global warming. We do not need to press forward with a climate of fear, but rather with a voice of reason.


About American Cooling and Heating

Establish on the values of reliability, honor and superior craftsmanship in the Arizona air conditioning market, American Cooling and Heating offers 24/7 HVAC installation, repair and maintenance. Founded in 1993, ACH works with all major brands of Air Conditioning equipment, including Amana, Carrier, Goodman, Rheem and Trane. All Company staff and technicians undergo drug screening, background checks and Company approved training in the field of heating and cooling installation and repair.

For more info, contact:

Disclaimer: This editorial does not represent legal, financial, technical, or medical advice. While every practical attempt has been made to make certain that this text is accurate at the time of publication, American Cooling and Heating renounces any and all legal responsibility to any person in respect of anything or the consequences of anything done or omitted to be done in reliance upon the whole or any part of this article and its content. All trademarks, logos, and associated content displayed are the property of their respective owners.


Global Warming: John Mercer Glaciologists Announces Dangers of Climate Change

John MercerGlaciology, John Mercer, And The Early Signs of Global Warming

To John Mercer, the concept of global warming and catastrophic regional flooding was not new. It’s been happening for ages, and the glaciologists who study the behavior of ice in seriously large quantities have long taken a special interest in flooding. They give a name “jökulhlaup,” from Icelandic, to the explosive event that occurs when the buildup of water behind a glacier breaks free from the confines of the glacier. In small scale, it happens often. But for a grand example, consider the flooding that washed over Washington State when a supposed glacier-locked lake burst loose on the nation.

For most scientists, arguments concerning the meanings of the ridges in the scablands ended in the 1940s. Geologists, in general, agree that the scabland ridges are larger and more expressive versions of the ripples sometimes seen in mud on a creek bed. Yet before 1940, many scientific leaders continued to argue against the concept of any rapid changes in the world water table. However, some men did hold to a different timetable. Even back in 1947 Swedish geophysicists Hans Ahlmann argued that global warming might push the threat of catastrophic flooding right into the present century. Still, for the larger part of research and study, it was into the 1960s before scientists began to consider global warming as a possible threat to modern man.

The idea of major climate-related disasters grew slowly. In 1962, John Hollin argued the danger of small climate changes and how they could affect ice in Antarctica (1). Hollin and Alex Wilson, a fellow believer, expressed grave concerns that immense sheets of ice could soon be floating across the southern oceans. They wrote of tsunamis, rising sea levels, and a mountainous glacier rushing forward at hundreds of meters per day. But very few others joined the outcry. The Hollin / Wilson vision was too imaginative, too far reaching, and too “unlikely.” With the Antarctica glacier anchor ranging more than four kilometers in depth, Hollin’s arguments that rising seas would lift it free of the root bedrock seemed highly unlikely.


Global Warming – A Shout From John Mercer.

Even into the 1970s, global warming remained far outside the realm of public concern. But not so for an Ohio State University glaciologist named John Mercer. To Mr. Mercer, Global warming affecting the icecertain disturbing similarities and dissimilarities between the Eurasian Artic and the western Antarctica needed immediate attention. For example: The continental shelf of both Polar Regions was but a few hundred meters deep. However the 2.5-kilometer thick ice sheet resting on the western Antarctica reflects a sharp contrast to the Eurasian Artic with its nearly non-existent layer of grounded ice.

To Mercer, the distinctions indicated great threat possibilities from global warming. If the ice sheet that covered western Antarctica should disintegrate, the known sea level could raise by as much as six meters. Coastlines throughout the world would experience indescribable flooding.

Mercer’s findings, theories and the resultant investigation concerning the Eurasian Arctic and the associated glacial history evoked mixed opinions. Scientists exchanged papers and test results – many of them expressing contradictory views. And even as the arguments continued, the European Science Foundation initiated new and more intensive research programs. From seven European countries, over 50 scientists took part in the first POlar North Atlantic Margins (PONAM) study of the Barents Sea.

But in the end result of all the studies and testing, researchers determined that the west Antarctic ice sheet was capable of “resisting substantial rises in sea level” (2). However, although not taken seriously, some risk factors were acknowledged:

  • The melt-rate could increase if the ocean around Antarctica warmed
  • Unless balanced by snowfall and in increase in evaporation, the ices shelves could eventually disappear.

Thus the west Antarctic ice sheet could be at risk of rapid collapse. An increase in global rise in sea level could follow. Yet the arguments continued, and most scientists in the group protested that Mercer’s “threat of disaster” was far, far into the future. Leaping ahead to 2014. In a recent New York Times report, modern scientists are claiming that the collapse of the ice sheet is already in progress. A catastrophic rise in sea levels seems inevitable, or so they say. Look for it in upcoming journal releases from both Science and the Geophysical Research Letters.

It seems that John Mercer was indeed a man ahead of the times.


Article presented as a part of the ongoing American Cooling and Heating educational series. For more information on American Cooling and Heating, click here.

Disclaimer: This article and its content do not constitute legal, financial, technical, or medical advice. While every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that this document is correct at the time of publication, the company and its employees and agents disclaim any and all liability to any person in respect of anything or the consequences of anything done or omitted to be done in reliance upon the whole or any part of this article and its content. All trademarks, logos, and associated content displayed are the property of their respective owners.



2) American Scientist, P.O. Box 13975, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, U.S.A.




Climate Change in Arizona – The Economic Impact Of Climate Change On Arizona Citizens

Global Warming Plot Of NASA GISS DataArizona residents are well familiar with the blunt-force temperatures of climate change. But now the economic consequences are also mounting. Join American Cooling and Heating in this brief overview of global warming cost-and-effect in Arizona.

Even as politicians argue the validity of global warming, the economic burden of laws designed to reduce and control human-triggered climate change wrap heavy hands around the livelihood of citizens in Arizona and other regions of the Southwest U.S.,” local spokesperson for ACH in Arizona.

Managing Global Warming, Climate Change and the Economic Fallout

After enduring over a decade of year-by-year temperature increases averaging nearly two degrees Fahrenheit, Arizona residents don’t tend to argue the validity of global warming or the reality of undesirable climate change. The heat is here. This South-western state has experienced the highest brute-force temperature change of any of the lower 48 states in the U.S. Long-term heat increases seem a permanent complication. Recent studies indicate that by 2050 Arizona citizens can expect to see regional temperatures climb by another three to five degrees.

So why do the residents of this fine state resist the industrial changes that can help reduce the problem?

Fixing global warming requires economic sacrifice. In a nation already struggling against a fragile economy, such sacrifice seems unreasonable. Surrendering daily bread in exchange for resolving long-term climate change seems a sour tradeoff. According to the senior vice president of communications at the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity, Laura Sheehan, issues pertaining to climate change should be taking a back seat to current economic demands (1). Too many people perceive Obama’s climate change agenda as political rather than essential. Real issues are at state. Across the country, families are struggling to pay bills, meet necessary health care conditions, and provide for a bit of comfort in a troubled world.

But restraint is not the only mindset. According to Frances Beinecke from the Natural Resources Defense Council, acting now to eliminate human-triggered climate change will help the economy by providing new jobs, lower cooling costs, and a healthier environment. Yet for most people, fixing global warming should not be in the Top 10 list of national priorities. Climate change is an issue to be addressed, but one look at what is going on in Arizona reveals an unacceptable measure of economic sacrifice.

Commissioned regulations crafted to ensure a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases are already in effect. And they are promoting increased economic burdens on all local industries, including the agricultural industry, an industry of primary strength in the American Southwest. With a March 2014 unemployment rate of 7.3, Arizona hangs with the top eight highest levels of unemployed in the nation (2). Laws that burden industry with additional expenses hinder employment opportunities.

Arizona residents are prodding government agencies to fix the current problems rather than the long-term human-triggered climate change issues. For families already suffering due to new regulations associated with fixing global warming, the demand is that Arizona leaders establish laws that successfully reduce the impact of human-triggered climate change without trashing the economic stability of the affected regions.

Climate Change in Arizona – Obvious But Not So Important As Having a Job

Economic prosperity requires progressive growth. Yet urban expansion generates higher urban heat tables. In recent years, the nighttime temperatures in Arizona have exceeded those of the adjoining states by as great an increase as 10 degrees. However, the laws designed to correct global warming increase business operating costs and hinder progress. The Arizona economy suffers the fallout. Businesses go under. Locals lose jobs. And families pay the higher cost for controlling local human-triggered climate change.

Throughout the Southwest:

  • Summertime grows hotter
  • Above normal high temperatures has become the normal
  • 90 degree-plus nighttime temperatures are on the increase
  • The local water table is decreasing
  • Water pollution is on the increase
  • Fire, dust and dry land shadow daily life
  • Local precipitation has decreased
  • According to scientific predictions: By the mid-century, Arizona will suffer a 40-percent decrease in usable water.

Reports from the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) indicate that the decrease in local precipitation will affect growth in all major local industry sectors including:

  • Agriculture
  • Mining
  • Utilities
  • AND more.

The consequences of accumulated industrial losses will affect consumer incomes, consumer spending and population growth throughout state. According to the SNL economic study, Arizona lingers as one of the most vulnerable states in the nation. With regional agriculture and ranching industries already struggling for survival, the cost of the economic fallout on marginalized farmers may be too great to withstand.

It’s not yet a panic situation, but for most Arizona residents the necessity to deal with the immediate economic problems far outweighs any need for correcting long-term global warming issues. Arizona local, state and federal agencies need to equalize the cost structure and establish an economically practical resolution to the effects of global warming.


From more information on climate change, click here.

Disclaimer: This article and its content do not constitute legal, financial, technical, or medical advice. While every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that this document is correct at the time of publication, the company and its employees and agents disclaim any and all liability to any person in respect of anything or the consequences of anything done or omitted to be done in reliance upon the whole or any part of this article and its content. All trademarks, logos, and associated content displayed are the property of their respective owners. 





Arizona Air Conditioning Center Launches Information Portal For Distributing Updates On Issues Concerning Global Warming and Climate Change

Global Warming and Urban Growth

Global Warming In The News

American Cooling and Heating today announced the launch of as an Arizona information portal to help Valley homeowners stay abreast with how global warming and climate change affects rural and urban living.

American Cooling and Heating today gets underway with a new global warming and climate change information gateway. The new A/C website category., is designed to provide Arizona residents with up-to-date content on the changes, effects and solutions that global warming imposes on rural and urban environments. Articles currently in place reflect on:

** The nature of climate change

** The current progress in the world effort to curb global warming

** AND the relationship between modern air conditioning technologies to the down-home Valley-specific demands for increased performance from available cooling equipment.

Global Warming – Reliable Phoenix Resources

ACH purposes to be the primary web information center for regional-Phoenix residents and business owners on matters pertaining to climate change, anticipated government and business responses to climate change, and reflective issues pertaining to Arizona heating and cooling home improvement options. Current and future Website planning includes:

** Weekly global warming updates

** Heating and cooling educational equipment guides

** AND specific A/C installation and A/C maintenance tips for Phoenix-regional homeowners and business owners.

Scot Morgan of American Cooling and Heating stated: “We aim to become the premier home and family information outlet for helping Arizona homeowners make informed A/C and Heat Pump decisions. The depth of knowledge available via our new category provides sensible, concise and usable climate change updates.”

Already rated as a resource for invaluable HVAC feedback, ACH has worked hard to make this new global warming information category efficient, easy to navigate and fully reliable. The Company has always strived to help Valley homeowners understand and access information on heating and cooling technology. But the accumulating effects of climate warming ups the ante. Changes in global and local temperatures continue to increase the demand for better and more efficient HVAC cooling equipment. Society can no longer afford to ignore the strategies at work on the global warming warfront – neither can the companies who are currently responsible for delivering quality HVAC solutions.

About American Cooling and Heating

Licensed, bonded and insured, ACH is founded on the principles of integrity and quality workmanship in the HVAC marketplace. Established in 1993, the company services a wide range of clientele in both the local community and the global community. All Company technicians must pass drug screening, intensive background checks and custom-designed skill and performance craftsmanship exams.

AZROC K79 license 183933 Residential, Commercial, Industrial, HVAC and Refrigeration Contractor

AZROC KB2 license 238225 Residential, Commercial General Contractor

TDLR TACLA21146C Residential, Commercial, Industrial, HVAC and Refrigeration Contractor

ACH: Servicing and installing Amana, Carrier, Goodman, Rheem, Trane and others.



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